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Zentralinstitut für Ernährungs- und Lebensmittelforschung (ZIEL)

Abteilung Mikrobiologie
Technische Universität München
Weihenstephaner Berg 3
D-85350 Freising

 Prof. Dr. Thilo M. Fuchs, Biologist

E-Mail: thilo.fuchs @

Research and professional career



Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Jena

Professor at the TUM


Since 2002

Scientist at the ZIEL, Department of Microbiology, TU München

 1999-2002Project leader at CREATOGEN AG, Augsburg

 1998Post-doc scientist in the Helicobacter Vaccine Project at the Max-Plank-Institute for the Biology of Infections, Tübingen

 1996-1998Post-doc scientist at the Department of Microbiology, University Würzburg

 1994-1995Research stay at the Istituto di Ricerche Immunobiologiche di Siena (R. Rappuoli), Italy

 1992-1996Ph. D student at the Theodor-Boveri-Institute, Department of Microbiology (Prof. W. Goebel), University Würzburg


 1997-1998          Scholarship from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinde (DFG) at the Department of Microbiology, University Würzburg

1. Peer-reviewed articles


Reuter, S., Connor, T. R., Barquist, L., Walker, D., Feltwell, T., Harris, S., Fookes, M., Hall, M. E., Fuchs, T. M., Corander, J., Dufour, M., Ringwood, T., Savin, C., Bouchier, C., Martin, L., Miettinen, M., Shubin, M., Laukkanen-Ninios, R., Sihvonen, L. M., Siitonen, A., Skurnik, M., Falcão, J. P., Fukushima, H., Scholz, H. C., Prentice, M., Wren, B. W., Parkhill, J., Carniel, E., Achtman, M., McNally, A., and N. R. Thomson (2014) Parallel independent evolution of pathogenicity within the genus Yersinia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sc. U.S.A , accepted. 

Staib, L. and T. M. Fuchs (2014) From food to cell: nutrient exploitation strategies of enteropathogens. Microbiology 160:1020-1039 

Starke, M., and T. M. Fuchs (2014) YmoA negatively controls the expression of insecticidal genes in Yersinia enterocolitica. Mol. Microbiol.,92(2):287-301,   doi:10.1111/mmi.12554 .

Müller-Herbst, S., Wüstner, S., Krementowski, A., Eder, D., Fuchs, T. M., Held, C., Ehrenreich, A., and S. Scherer (2014) Identification of genes essential for anaerobic growth of Listeria monocytogenes. Microbiology  160:752-765.          


Starke, M., Richter, M. and T.M. Fuchs (2013) The insecticidal toxin genes of Yersinia enterocolitica are activated by the thermoblabile LTTR-like regulator TcaR2 at low temperatures. Mol. Microbiol. 89:596-611.

Müller, J., Hense, B.A., Fuchs, T.M., Utz, M., Pötzsche, Ch. (2013) Bet-hedging in stochastically switching environments. J Theor Biol 336:114-157

Neuhaus, K., Satorhely, P., Schauer, K., Scherer, S. and T.M. Fuchs
(2013) Acid shock of Listeria monocytogenes at low entivronmental temperatures induces prfA, epithelial cell invasion, and lethality towards Caenorhabiditis elegans. BMC Genomics 14:285.


Fuchs, T.M.,
Kern, T., Eisenreich, W., Dandekar, T. (2012) Towards a systemic understanding of Listeria monocytogenes metabolism during infection. Frontiers in Microbioal Immunology 3, Article 23:1-12.

Madeo, M., O´Riordan, N., Fuchs, T.M., Utratna, M., Karatzas, K.-A., O´Byrne C. (2012) Thiamine plays a critical role in the acid tolerance of Listeria monocytogenes. FEMS Microbiology Letters 326-137143.

Fuchs, T.M., Eisenreich, W., Heesemann, J., Goebel, W. (2011) Metabolic adaptation of human pathogenic and related non-pathogenic bacteria to extra- and intracellular habitats. FEMS Reviews Microbiology, 36:435-462


Fuchs, T.M., Brandt, K., Starke, M., Rattei, T. (2011) Shotgun sequencing of Yersinia enterocolitica strain W22703 (biovar 2, serovar O:9): genomic evidence for oscillation between invertebrates and mammals. BMC Genomics 12:168.

Kröger, C., Srikumar, S., Ellwart, J., and T. M. Fuchs (2011)
 Bistability in myo-inositol utilization by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. J. Bacteriol. 193, 1427-1435.

Bhowmick, P., Devegowda, D., Ruwandeepika, H. A., Fuchs, T. M., Sreekumar, S., Karunasagar, I., and I. Karunasagar (2011) gcpA (stm1987) is critical for cellulose production and biofilm formation on polystyrene surface by Salmonella enterica serovar Weltevreden in both high and low nutrient medium. Microbial Pathogenesis 50, 114-122.

Srikumar, S., Fuchs, T.M.
 (2011) Ethanolamine utilization contributes to proliferation of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in food and in nematodes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 277, 281-290.


Schauer, K., Geginat, G., Liang, C., Goebel, W., Dandekar, T., and T. M. Fuchs
(2010) Deciphering the intracellular metabolism of Listeria monocytogenes by mutant screening and modelling. BMC Genomics 11:573.

Dolowschiak, T., Chassin, C., Mkaddem, S. B., Fuchs, T.M., Weiss, S., Vandewalle, A., Hornef, M.W. (2010) Potentiation of epithelial innate host responses by intercellular communication. PLoS Pathogens 6:e1001194.

Spanier, B., Starke, M., Higel, F., Scherer, S., Fuchs, T.M. (2010). Yersinia enterocolitica infection and tcaA-dependent killing of Caenorhabditis elegans. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 76, 6277-6285.

Trcek, J., Fuchs, T. M., Trülzsch, K.  (2010) Analysis of Y. enterocolitica invasin expression in vitro and in vivo using a novel luxCDABE reporter system. Microbiology 156, 2734 - 2745.

Schär, J., Stoll, R., Schauer, K., Loeffler, D.I.M., Eylert, E., Joseph, B., Eisenreich W,  Fuchs, T. M., Goebel, W.  (2010) Pyruvate carboxylase plays a crucial role in carbon metabolism of extra- and intracellularly replicating Listeria monocytogenes. J. Bacteriol.192, 1774-1784.

Kröger, C., Stolz, J., Fuchs, T.M. (2010) Myo-Inositol transport by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. Microbiology 156, 128-138.

2006 - 2009

Schauer, K., Stolz, J., Scherer, S., Fuchs, T.M. (2009) Both thiamine uptake and biosynthesis of thiamine precursors are required for intracellular replication of Listeria monocytogenes. J. Bacteriol. 191, 2218-2227.

Kröger, C., Fuchs, T.M. (2009) Characterization of the myo-inositol utilization
island of Salmonella typhimurium. J. Bacteriol. 191, 545-554.

Fuchs, T. M., Bresolin, G., Marcinowski, L., Schachtner, J., Scherer, S. (2008) Insecticidal genes of Yersinia spp.: taxonomical distribution, contribution to toxicity towards Manduca sexta and Galleria mellonella, and evolution. BMC Microbiology 8:214.

Heermann, R., Fuchs, T.M. (2008) Comparative analysis of the Photorhabdus luminescens and the Yersinia enterocolitica genomes: uncovering candidate genes involved in insect pathogenicity. BMC Genomics 9:40.
Bresolin, G., Trcek, J., Scherer, S., Fuchs, T.M.  (2008) Presence of a functional
flagellar cluster Flag-2 and low-temperature expression of flagellar genes in Yersinia enterocolitica W22703. Microbiology 154, 196-206.

Klumpp, J., Fuchs, T.M.  (2007) Identification of novel genes in genomic islands that contribute to Salmonella typhimurium replication in macrophages. Microbiology 153, 1207-1220.

Bresolin, G., Morgan, A., Ilgen, D., Scherer, S., Fuchs, T.M.  (2006) Low temperature-induced insecticidal activity of Yersinia enterocolitica. Mol. Microbiol. 59, 503-512. 

Joseph, B., Przybilla, K., Stühler, C., Schauer, K., Slaghius, J., Fuchs, T. M., Goebel, W. (2006) Identification of Listeria monocytogenes genes contributing to intracellular replication by expression profiling and mutant screening. J. Bacteriol. 188, 556-568.

Bresolin, G., Neuhaus, K., Scherer, S., Fuchs, T.M.  (2006) Transcriptional analysis of long-term adaptation of Yersinia enterocolitica to low temperature growth. J. Bacteriol. 188, 2945-2958.

2002 - 2005

Middendorf, B, Stübs, D., Guiso, N., Deppisch, H., Gross, R., Fuchs, T.M. (2005) Phg, a novel member of the autotransporter family present in Bordetella species. Microbiological Research, 160, 329-336.

Fuchs, T. M., Klumpp, J., Przybilla, K. (2005) Insertion-duplication mutagenesis (IDM) of Salmonella enterica and related species using a novel thermosensitive vector. Plasmid 55, 39-49.

Stübs, D., Fuchs, T.M., Schneider, B., Bosserhoff, A., Gross, R. (2005) Identification and regulation of cold inducible factors of Bordetella bronchiseptica. Microbiology, 151, 1911-1917.

Knuth, K., Niesalla, H., Hueck, C. J., Fuchs, T.M. (2004) Large-scale identification of essential Salmonella genes by trapping lethal insertions. Mol. Microbiol., 51, 1729-1744

König, J., Bock, A., Perraud, A.-L., Fuchs, T. M., Beier, D., Gross, R. (2002) Regulatory factors of Bordetella pertussis affecting virulence gene expression. J. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 4, 197-203.

1992 - 2002

Fuchs, T.M., Schneider, B., Krumbach, K., Eggeling, L., Gross, R. (2000) Characterization of a Bordetella pertussis diaminopimelate (DAP) biosynthesis locus identifies dapC, a novel gene coding for an N-succinyl-L,L-DAP aminotransferase. J. Bacteriol. 182:3626-3631.

Fuchs, T. M. (1998) Molecular mechanisms of bacterial pathogenicity.
 Naturwissenschaften 85, 99-108.

Fuchs, T.M., Deppisch, H., Scarlato, V., Gross, R. (1996) A new gene locus of Bordetella pertussis defines a novel family of prokaryotic transcriptional accessory proteins. J. Bacteriol. 178, 4445-4452.

Beier, D., Fuchs, T.M., Graeff-Wohlleben, H., Gross R. (1996) Signal transduction and virulence regulation in Bordetella pertussis. Microbiologia SEM 12:185-196.

Beier, D., Schwarz, B., Fuchs, T.M., Gross, R. (1995). In vivo characterization of the unorthodox BvgS two-component sensor protein of Bordetella pertussis. J. Mol. Biol. 248, 596-610.

Carbonetti, N.H., Fuchs, T.M., Patamawenu, A. A., Irish, T. J., Deppisch, H., Gross, R. (1994) Effect of mutations causing overexpression of RNA polymerase alpha subunit on regulation of virulence factors in Bordetella pertussis. J. Bacteriol. 176, 7267-7273.

Fuchs, T.M., Beier, D., Beier, H. (1992). The tRNA Tyr multigene family of Nicotiana rustica: genome organization, sequence analysis and expression in vitro. Plant Molecular Biology 20, 869-878.

2. Others

Fuchs, T.M., Neuhaus, K., Scherer S. (2012) Life at cold temperatures. The Procaryotes. Invited review, accepted.

Fuchs, T.M., Scherer S. (2010) Yersinia-effiziente Killer. Labor&More 2.10, 66-69.

Schoen, C., Stritzker, J., Fuchs, T.M., Weibel, S., Gentschev, I., Szalay, A.A., Goebel, W. (2008) Use of intracellular bacteria for the development of tool for tumor therapy and the detection of novel antibacterial targets. Patho-Biotechnology (eds.: Sleator R. and C.Hill).

Hain, T., Chatterjee, S. S.,Ghai, R, Kuenne, C. T., Billion, A., Steinweg, C, Domann, E., Kärst, U., Jänsch, L., Wehland, J., Eisenreich, W., Bacher, A., Joseph, B., Schär, J., Kreft, J., Klumpp, J., Loessner, M. J., Dorscht, J., Neuhaus, K., Fuchs, T. M., Scherer, S., Doumith, M., Jacquet, C., Martin, P., Cossart, P., Glaser, P., Buchrieser, C., Goebel, W.,  Chakraborty, T. (2007)
Pathogenomics of Listeria ssp. Int. J. Med. Microbiol., 2007.

Bresolin, G., Scherer, S., Fuchs, T.M. (2006) Yersinia als Insektenkiller. Biospektrum 02, 171-172.

Fuchs, T. M. (2005) Reduzierte Genome und das Konzept eines minimalen Gensets. GenomXpress 01, 22-24.

König, J., Bock, A., Perraud, A.-L., Fuch, T.M., Beier, D., Gross, R. (2003) Virulenz gene regulation in Bordetella pertussi. In: Regulatory Networks in Prokaryotes. Eds: Dürre P and Friedrich B.Horizon,  Scientific Press, pp.27-33.

Fuchs, T.M., Gross, R. (2001) Die molekularen Talente des Keuchhustenerregers. Biologie in unserer Zeit 1, 10-20.

Fuchs, T.M., Gross, R. (1996) The virulence factors of Bordetella pertussis and their regulation. Alpe Adria Microbiology Journal 5, 179-190.

Beier, D., Schwarz, B., Deppisch, H., Fuchs, T.M., Perraud, A.-L., Gross, R. (1996) Structure-function relationship in BvgS-the master regulon of virulence in Bordetella pertussis. In: Bacterial protein toxins (Frandsen et al., eds), Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, pp:1-12.

Gross, R., Fuchs,T.M., Deppisch, H., Carbonetti, N.H. (1994) Virulence regulation in Bordetella pertussis. In: Molecular Mechanisms of Bacterial Virulence (Kado, C.I. and Crosa, J., eds), Kluwer Academic Publishers, New York, pp:511-524.

Gross, R., Beier, D., Deppisch, H., Fuchs, T.M., Graeff, H., Schipper, H. (1994) Umweltbedingte Modulation der Virulenz von Bordetella pertussis. In: Modulation der Virulenz von Krankheitserregern (Hacker, J. and Heesemann, J., eds) Socio Medico Verlag Gräfelfing, pp:35-51.

3. Minireviews

Fuchs, T.M. (2011) Salmonellen: die dunkle Seite des Salats? Biospektrum 07.11:781.

Fuchs, T.M. (2011) Mikrobielle Endokrinologie: Infektionskrankheiten und Stress. Biospektrum 05.11:549.

Fuchs, T.M. (2011) Salmonella - From Genome to Function. Biospektrum 05.11:596.

Fuchs, T.M. (2010) Meister im Manipulieren: Listeria monocytogenes. Biospektrum 01.10:41. 

Fuchs, T.M. (2010) Ein Virulenzregulator der Yersinien mit Thermometer. Biospektrum 01.10:47.


Innovationspreis für Siegfried Scherer

Otto-von-Guericke Forschungspreis für Siegfried Scherer

A novel short L-arginine responsive protein-coding gene (laoB) antiparallel overlapping to a CadC-like transcriptional regulator in Escherichia coli O157:H7 Sakai originated by overprinting (2018)


Comparison between Listeria sensu stricto and Listeria sensu lato strains identifies novel determinants involved in infection (2017)


Differentiation of ncRNAs from small mRNAs in Escherichia coli O157:H7 EDL933 (EHEC) by combined RNAseq and RIBOseq-ryhB encodes the regulatory RNA RyhB and a Peptide, RyhP. (2017)

Complete circular genome sequence and temperature independent adaptation to Anaerobiosis of Listeria weihenstephanensis DSM 24698 (2017)

Discovery of numerous novel small genes in the intergenic regions of the Escherichia coli O157:H7 Sakai Genome (2017)

High binding affinity of repressor IolR avoids costs of untimely induction of myo-inositol utilization by Salmonella Typhimurium (2017)

Genetic characterization of the Galactitol utilization pathway of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. (2017)

Heat stability of indigenous milk plasmin and peptidases from Pseudomonas: a challenge in the production of ultra-high temperature milk products (2016)

Spoilage of Microfiltered and Pasteurized Extended Shelf Life Milk Is Mainly Induced by Psychrotolerant Spore-Forming Bacteria that often Originate from Recontamination (2017)

Bakterieller Stoffwechsel als Pathogenitätsfaktor (2016)

Transcriptional and translational regulation by RNA thermometers, riboswitches and the sRNA DsrA in Escherichia coli O157:H7 Sakai under combined cold and osmotic stress adaptation. (2016)

Hysteresis in myo-inositol utilization by Salmonella Typhimurium (2016)

Probiotic Enterococcus faecalis Symbioflor® down regulates virulence genes of EHEC in vitro and decrease pathogenicity in a Caenorhabditis elegans model (2017)

Draft Genome Sequence of Lysinibacillus xylanilyticus SR-86 (Nov. 2016)

Permanent colonization of creek sediments, creek water and limnic water plants by four Listeria species in low population densities (November 2016)

Draft Genome Sequence of the Xanthan Producer Xanthomonas campestris LMG 8031 (Oktober 2016)

Comparative Bioinformatics and Experimental Analysis of the Intergenic Regulatory Regions of Bacillus cereus hbl and nhe Enterotoxin Operons and the Impact of CodY on Virulence Heterogeneity (Mai 2016)

Regulation of fucose and 1,2-propanediol utilization by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (März 2016)

Acidified nitrite inhibits proliferation of Listeria monocytogenes - Transcriptional analysis of a preservation method (März 2016)

Translatomics combined with transcriptomics and proteomics reveals novel functional, recently evolved orphan genes in Escherichia coli O157:H7 (EHEC)

A sensitive and robust method for direct determination of lipolytic activity in natural milk environment (März 2016, online first)

Evidence for the recent origin of a bacterial protein-coding, overlapping orphan gene by evolutionary overprinting (Dez. 2015)

Massive horizontal gene transfer, strictly vertical inheritance and ancient duplications differentially shape the evolution of Bacillus cereus enterotoxin operons hbl, cytK and nhe (Nov. 2015)

Chemodiversity of cereulide, the emetic Toxin of Bacillus cereus (2015)